Charles II Stewart

M, b. 1630, d. 6 February 1685
Charles II Stewart|b. 1630\nd. 6 Feb 1685|p1127.htm#i51421|Charles I Stewart|b. 19 Nov 1600\nd. 30 Jan 1649|p1126.htm#i51420|Henrietta Maria of France|b. 25 Nov 1609\nd. 10 Sep 1669|p1127.htm#i51459|James I. of England|b. 1566\nd. 1625|p1079.htm#i49362|Anne of Denmark|b. 1574\nd. 1619|p1079.htm#i49363|||||||
     Charles II Stewart was born in 1630. He was the son of Charles I Stewart and Henrietta Maria of France. Charles II Stewart died on 6 February 1685.
     Charles II (29 May 1630 OS – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

Charles II's father King Charles I was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. The English Parliament did not proclaim Charles II as king, and instead passed a statute that made any such proclamation unlawful. England entered the period known to history as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. The Parliament of Scotland, however, proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649 in Edinburgh. He was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on 1 January 1651. Following his defeat by Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, Charles fled to mainland Europe and spent the next nine years in exile in France, the United Provinces and the Spanish Netherlands.

A political crisis following the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in Charles being invited to return and assume the throne in what became known as the Restoration. Charles II arrived on English soil on 27 May 1660 and entered London on his 30th birthday, 29 May 1660. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if Charles had succeeded his father in 1649. Charles was crowned King of England and Ireland at Westminster Abbey on 23 April 1661.

Charles's English parliament enacted anti-Puritan laws known as the Clarendon Code, designed to shore up the position of the re-established Church of England. Charles acquiesced to the Clarendon Code even though he himself favoured a policy of religious tolerance. The major foreign policy issue of Charles's early reign was the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In 1670, Charles entered into the secret treaty of Dover, an alliance with his first cousin King Louis XIV of France under the terms of which Louis agreed to aid Charles in the Third Anglo-Dutch War and pay Charles a pension, and Charles promised to convert to Roman Catholicism at an unspecified future date. Charles attempted to introduce religious freedom for Catholics and Protestant dissenters with his 1672 Royal Declaration of Indulgence, but the English Parliament forced him to withdraw it. In 1679, Titus Oates's revelations of a supposed "Popish Plot" sparked the Exclusion Crisis when it was revealed that Charles's brother and heir (James, Duke of York) was a Roman Catholic. This crisis saw the birth of the pro-exclusion Whig and anti-exclusion Tory parties. Charles sided with the Tories, and, following the discovery of the Rye House Plot to murder Charles and James in 1683, some Whig leaders were killed or forced into exile. Charles dissolved the English Parliament in 1681, and ruled alone until his death on 6 February 1685. He converted to Roman Catholicism on his deathbed.

Charles was popularly known as the Merrie Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Oliver Cromwell and the Puritans. Charles's wife, Catherine of Braganza, bore no children, but Charles acknowledged at least 12 illegitimate children by various mistresses.1 King of Great Britain. Charles II Stewart was also known as of Great Britain.

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Child of Charles II Stewart and Barbara Villiers

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_II_of_England

Henry Fitzroy

M, b. 1663, d. 1690
Henry Fitzroy|b. 1663\nd. 1690|p1127.htm#i51422|Charles II Stewart|b. 1630\nd. 6 Feb 1685|p1127.htm#i51421|Barbara Villiers|b. 1641\nd. 1709|p1127.htm#i51424|Charles I. Stewart|b. 19 Nov 1600\nd. 30 Jan 1649|p1126.htm#i51420|Henrietta M. of France|b. 25 Nov 1609\nd. 10 Sep 1669|p1127.htm#i51459|||||||
     Henry Fitzroy was born in 1663. He was the son of Charles II Stewart and Barbara Villiers. Henry Fitzroy died in 1690.
     Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton KG (28 September 1663 – 9 October 1690) was the illegitimate son of King Charles II by Barbara Villiers, Countess of Castlemaine.

In August 1672 he was married to Isabella, the daughter and heiress of Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington. They were parents to Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton. Diana, Princess of Wales was his descendant.

At the time of his marriage, Henry was created Baron Sudbury, Viscount Ipswich, and Earl of Euston; in 1675 he was created Duke of Grafton. Charles II made him a Knight of the Garter in 1680. He was made a colonel of the Grenadier Guards in 1681.

He was brought up as a sailor, and saw military service at the siege of Luxembourg in 1684. In that year, he received a warrant to supersede Sir Robert Holmes as Governor of the Isle of Wight, when the latter was charged with making false musters. However, Holmes was acquitted by court-martial and retained the governorship.

At King James II's coronation Grafton was Lord High Constable. In the rebellion of the Duke of Monmouth he commanded the royal troops in Somerset; but later he acted with John Churchill, and joined William of Orange to overthrow the King in the Revolution of 1688.

He died of a wound received at the storming of Cork, while leading William's forces. He was 27.1 1st Duke of Grafton.

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Child of Henry Fitzroy

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_FitzRoy,_1st_Duke_of_Grafton.

Barbara Villiers

F, b. 1641, d. 1709
     Barbara Villiers was born in 1641. She died in 1709.

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Child of Barbara Villiers and Charles II Stewart

Charles Fitzroy

M, b. 1683, d. 1757
Charles Fitzroy|b. 1683\nd. 1757|p1127.htm#i51426|Henry Fitzroy|b. 1663\nd. 1690|p1127.htm#i51422||||Charles I. Stewart|b. 1630\nd. 6 Feb 1685|p1127.htm#i51421|Barbara Villiers|b. 1641\nd. 1709|p1127.htm#i51424|||||||
     Charles Fitzroy was born in 1683. He was the son of Henry Fitzroy. Charles Fitzroy died in 1757.
     Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton PC (25 October 1683 – 6 May 1757) was an Irish and English politician.

He was born the only child of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton and Isabella Bennet, 2nd Countess of Arlington. His father was an illegitimate son of Charles II of England and Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland.

Fitzroy inherited his father's peerages on 9 October 1690. He was Lord High Steward at King George I's coronation. He became a Privy Counsellor in 1715 and a Knight of the Garter in 1721. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1720 to 1724 and Lord Chamberlain from 1724 until his death. In 1719 he was one of main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage. In 1739 he supported the creation of what was to become one of London's most notable charities, the Foundling Hospital. He sat on that charity's original Court of Governors with such fellow Governors as the Duke of Bedford, the Lord Vere and the Lord Mayor of London.

He married Lady Henrietta Somerset, daughter of Charles Somerset, Marquess of Worcester and Rebecca Child; they had seven children:

Charles Henry FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (13 April 1714 - 18 December 1715).
George FitzRoy, Earl of Euston (24 August 1715 - 7 July 1747). He was married 10 October 1741 to Lady Dorothy Boyle (14 May 1724 - 2 May 1742) elder daughter of Richard Boyle, 4th Earl of Cork, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his wife Lady Dorothy Savile, daughter of William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax. The Earl was notorious for mistreating his wife, who died seven months after their marriage, and died childless.[1]
Lord Augustus FitzRoy (16 October 1716 - 24 May 1741). He was married to Elizabeth Cosby, daughter of Colonel William Cosby who served as a colonial Governor of New York. They were parents to two sons, who founded branches still extant today.
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton and
Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton.
Lord Charles FitzRoy (23 April 1718 - 29 July 1739).
Lady Caroline Fitzroy (8 April 1722 - 26 June 1784). She married William Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Harrington. They were parents to Charles Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Harrington and other six children.
Lady Harriet FitzRoy (8 June 1723 - August 1735).
Lady Isabella FitzRoy (1726 - 10 November 1782). She married Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford. They were parents to Francis Seymour-Conway, 2nd Marquess of Hertford and other eleven children. They were ancestors of Diana, Princess of Wales.
The Duke also fathered an illegitimate son, Charles FitzRoy-Scudamore.1 2nd Duke of Grafton, Earl of Arlington.

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Child of Charles Fitzroy

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_FitzRoy,_2nd_Duke_of_Grafton.

Isabella Fitzroy

F, b. 1726, d. 1782
Isabella Fitzroy|b. 1726\nd. 1782|p1127.htm#i51428|Charles Fitzroy|b. 1683\nd. 1757|p1127.htm#i51426||||Henry Fitzroy|b. 1663\nd. 1690|p1127.htm#i51422||||||||||
     Isabella Fitzroy married Francis Seymour. Isabella Fitzroy was born in 1726. She was the daughter of Charles Fitzroy. Isabella Fitzroy died in 1782.
     Her married name was Seymour.

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Child of Isabella Fitzroy and Francis Seymour

Francis Seymour

M, b. 1718, d. 1794
     Francis Seymour married Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of Charles Fitzroy. Francis Seymour was born in 1718. He died in 1794.
     Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford KG, PC, PC (Ire) (5 July 1718 – 14 June 1794) was born in Chelsea, London, and died in Surrey, England.

He was a descendant of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset and his first wife Catharine Fillol. Their marriage was annulled and their children declared illegitimate. Their son Sir Edward Seymour (d. 6 May 1593) later served as a Sheriff of Devon.

The Sheriff of Devon was father to Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet, grandfather of Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet, great-grandfather of Sir Edward Seymour, 3rd Baronet and a fourth-generation ancestor of Sir Edward Seymour, 4th Baronet.

The 4th Baronet was father to Sir Edward Seymour, 5th Baronet and grandfather to Edward Seymour, 8th Duke of Somerset. His younger son was Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Lord Conway (1679–1732).

Lord Conway married Charlotte Shorter, a daughter of John Shorter of Bybrook. They were the parents of the Marquess. His father died when the younger Francis was about fourteen years old. The first few years after his father's death were spent in Italy and Paris. On his return to England he took his seat, as 2nd Baron Conway, among the Peers in November 1739. Henry Seymour Conway, politician and soldier, was his younger brother.

On 29 May 1741 he married Lady Isabella Fitzroy, daughter of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, and they became the parents of thirteen children.1 Earl of Hertford, 1st Marquess of Hertford. Francis Seymour was also known as Seymour-Conway.

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Child of Francis Seymour and Isabella Fitzroy

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_Seymour-Conway

Admiral Hugh Seymour

M, b. 29 April 1759, d. 11 September 1801
Admiral Hugh Seymour|b. 29 Apr 1759\nd. 11 Sep 1801|p1127.htm#i51430|Francis Seymour|b. 1718\nd. 1794|p1127.htm#i51429|Isabella Fitzroy|b. 1726\nd. 1782|p1127.htm#i51428|||||||Charles Fitzroy|b. 1683\nd. 1757|p1127.htm#i51426||||
     Admiral Hugh Seymour married Anne Horatia Waldegrave. Admiral Hugh Seymour was born on 29 April 1759. He was the son of Francis Seymour and Isabella Fitzroy. Admiral Hugh Seymour died on 11 September 1801 at age 42.
     Vice-Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (29 April 1759 – 11 September 1801) was a senior British Royal Navy officer of the late eighteenth century who was the fifth son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford and became known for being both a prominent society figure and a highly competent naval officer. He served during the American Revolutionary and French Revolutionary Wars and later in his career performed a period of shore duty on the Admiralty board.

Seymour maintained a reputation as a courageous and innovative officer: he was awarded a commemorative medal for his actions at the battle of the Glorious First of June and is credited with introducing epaulettes to Royal Navy uniforms as a method of indicating rank to non-English speaking allies. In his youth he formed close personal friendships with fellow officer John Willett Payne and George, Prince of Wales, through association with whom he gained a reputation as a rake. His marriage in 1785, made at the insistence of his family as an antidote to his dissolution, was brought about through royal connections and proved very successful. During his lifetime he also held several seats as a Member of Parliament in the Parliament of Great Britain, although he did not pursue an active political career.

Hugh Seymour was born in 1759 into one of the wealthiest families in England, as the fifth son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford and his wife Isabella Fitzroy (Hugh retained the surname "Seymour-Conway" until his father's death in 1794, at which point he shortened it to Seymour). He was initially educated at Bracken's Academy in Greenwich, where he met lifelong friend John Willett Payne, before joining the Navy at age 11 at his own insistence. Seymour became a captain's servant on the yacht William & Mary,[1] and two years later moved to HMS Pearl under his relation Captain John Leveson Gower, stationed off Newfoundland. After several short commissions, including service in the West Indies under George Rodney, Seymour was attached to HMS Alarm as a midshipman in the Mediterranean.[2] Apart from a brief spell in HMS Trident, Seymour remained on her for several years, becoming a lieutenant in 1776. By 1776 the American Revolutionary War was underway, and Seymour continued in Alarm until he was made a commander in 1778, taking command of the xebec HMS Minorca.[2]

In 1779, Seymour was promoted once more, making post captain in HMS Porcupine and serving in command of HMS Diana, HMS Ambuscade and HMS Latona, all in the Channel Fleet. The only major operation in which he participated during the period was the conclusion of the Great Siege of Gibraltar, when Latona was attached to Lord Howe's fleet that relieved the fortress.[2] During this service, Seymour was repeatedly engaged in scouting the Franco-Spanish fleet in Algeciras, a task made difficult by bad weather and the erratic movements of the enemy. During much of the operation, Captain Roger Curtis was stationed aboard Latona in order to facilitate communicate between Howe and the Governor of Gibraltar. The effort to relieve and resupply the fortress was a complete success and Latona was sent back to Britain with dispatches, although Seymour remained in Gibraltar.[3]

Following the Peace of Paris in 1783, Seymour took a house in London with his brother Lord George Seymour and John Willett Payne. The three men became notorious socialites, joining the Prince of Wales on many of his drinking exploits across London: Seymour remained close friends with Prince George for the rest of his life. Seymour, already known for his good looks, good manners, height and martial bearing, rapidly gained a reputation for dissolution.[2] In 1785 however, Seymour married Lady Anne Horatia Waldegrave, daughter of Earl Waldegrave and Maria Walpole (later Duchess of Gloucester) at the insistence of his family in a successful attempt to curtail his social activities.[2] It was at this time that Seymour made his first foray into politics, becoming MP for Newport on the Isle of Wight before relinquishing the post two years later. In 1788 he became MP for Tregony, but in 1790 he switched to become MP for Wendover. Seymour remained in this position until 1796 when he changed his seat to Portsmouth, in which he remained until his death. He did not serve as an active politician in any of these positions, preferring his navy career to his political one.[2]1

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Child of Admiral Hugh Seymour and Anne Horatia Waldegrave

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Hugh_Seymour

Anne Horatia Waldegrave

F, b. 1762, d. 1801
     Anne Horatia Waldegrave married Admiral Hugh Seymour, son of Francis Seymour and Isabella Fitzroy. Anne Horatia Waldegrave was born in 1762. She died in 1801.
     Her married name was Seymour.

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Child of Anne Horatia Waldegrave and Admiral Hugh Seymour

Horace Beaucamp Seymour

M, b. 22 November 1791, d. 23 November 1851
Horace Beaucamp Seymour|b. 22 Nov 1791\nd. 23 Nov 1851|p1127.htm#i51432|Admiral Hugh Seymour|b. 29 Apr 1759\nd. 11 Sep 1801|p1127.htm#i51430|Anne Horatia Waldegrave|b. 1762\nd. 1801|p1127.htm#i51431|Francis Seymour|b. 1718\nd. 1794|p1127.htm#i51429|Isabella Fitzroy|b. 1726\nd. 1782|p1127.htm#i51428|||||||
     Horace Beaucamp Seymour was born on 22 November 1791. He was the son of Admiral Hugh Seymour and Anne Horatia Waldegrave. Horace Beaucamp Seymour married Elizabeth Malet Palk, daughter of Sir Lawrence Palk and Dorothy Vaughan, on 15 May 1818. Horace Beaucamp Seymour died on 23 November 1851 at age 60.
     Colonel Sir Horace Beauchamp Seymour (22 November 1791 - 23 November 1851) was a Peelite Member of Parliament for Lisburn, Antrim, Oxford, Bodmin and Midhurst.

Colonel Sir Horace was the son of Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour (son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford) and Lady Anne Horatia Waldegrave. He married, firstly, Elizabeth Malet Palk, daughter of Sir Lawrence Palk, Bt., on 15 May 1818. He married, secondly, Frances Selina Isabella Poyntz, daughter of William Stephen Poyntz and Hon. Elizabeth Mary Browne, in July 1835.

He was invested as a Knight Commander, Hanoverian Order (K.C.H.) and gained the rank of Colonel in the service of the British Army.

By his first wife he had three children;

Lt.-Col. Charles Francis Seymour (13 Sep 1819 - 5 Nov 1854), killed at the Battle of Inkerman
Frederick Beauchamp Paget Seymour, 1st Baron Alcester (12 Apr 1821 - 30 Mar 1895)
Adelaide Horatia Elizabeth Seymour (27 Jan 1825 - 29 Oct 1877), who married Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer and was an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales.1

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Child of Horace Beaucamp Seymour and Elizabeth Malet Palk

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horace_Beauchamp_Seymour

Elizabeth Malet Palk

F, b. 1793, d. 1827
Elizabeth Malet Palk|b. 1793\nd. 1827|p1127.htm#i51433|Sir Lawrence Palk||p1328.htm#i62248|Dorothy Vaughan||p1328.htm#i62249|||||||Wilmot Vaughan||p1328.htm#i62251|Dorothy Shafto||p1328.htm#i62250|
     Elizabeth Malet Palk was born in 1793. She was the daughter of Sir Lawrence Palk and Dorothy Vaughan. Elizabeth Malet Palk married Horace Beaucamp Seymour, son of Admiral Hugh Seymour and Anne Horatia Waldegrave, on 15 May 1818. Elizabeth Malet Palk died in 1827.
     As of 15 May 1818,her married name was Seymour.

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Child of Elizabeth Malet Palk and Horace Beaucamp Seymour

Adelaide Horatia Seymour

F, b. 1825, d. 1877
Adelaide Horatia Seymour|b. 1825\nd. 1877|p1127.htm#i51434|Horace Beaucamp Seymour|b. 22 Nov 1791\nd. 23 Nov 1851|p1127.htm#i51432|Elizabeth Malet Palk|b. 1793\nd. 1827|p1127.htm#i51433|Admiral Hugh Seymour|b. 29 Apr 1759\nd. 11 Sep 1801|p1127.htm#i51430|Anne H. Waldegrave|b. 1762\nd. 1801|p1127.htm#i51431|Sir Lawrence Palk||p1328.htm#i62248|Dorothy Vaughan||p1328.htm#i62249|
     Adelaide Horatia Seymour was born in 1825. She was the daughter of Horace Beaucamp Seymour and Elizabeth Malet Palk. Adelaide Horatia Seymour married Frederick Spencer, son of George John Spencer, on 9 August 1854. Adelaide Horatia Seymour died in 1877.
     As of 9 August 1854,her married name was Spencer.

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Child of Adelaide Horatia Seymour and Frederick Spencer

Frederick Spencer

M, b. 14 April 1798, d. 27 December 1857
Frederick Spencer|b. 14 Apr 1798\nd. 27 Dec 1857|p1127.htm#i51435|George John Spencer|b. 1758\nd. 1834|p1127.htm#i51448||||John Spencer|b. 1734\nd. 1783|p1127.htm#i51450|Margaret G. Poyntz|b. 1737\nd. 1814|p1127.htm#i51451|||||||
     Frederick Spencer was born on 14 April 1798. He was the son of George John Spencer. Frederick Spencer married Adelaide Horatia Seymour, daughter of Horace Beaucamp Seymour and Elizabeth Malet Palk, on 9 August 1854. Frederick Spencer died on 27 December 1857 at age 59.
     Vice-Admiral Frederick Spencer, 4th Earl Spencer KG CB PC (14 April 1798 – 27 December 1857) was a British peer, the son of George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer and the younger brother and successor of John Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl Spencer.

Spencer was born in 1798, at the Admiralty Building, London and was baptised in St Martin-in-the-Fields. He was educated at Eton College from 1808 to 1811, then joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman. He eventually rose to the rank of Captain in 1822 and was awarded several honours from various European countries for fighting in the Napoleonic Wars in the Mediterranean between 1811 and 1815. These were: Knight of the Order of St Louis of France (1828), the Order of St Anne of Russia (1828) and the Order of the Redeemer of Greece (1828).

He then retired from naval life and became Whig MP for Worcestershire (1831–1832) and Midhurst (1832–1834 & 1837–1841). He was later an equerry in the household of the Duchess of Kent (Queen Victoria's mother) from 1840 to 1845.

On 23 February 1830, he married his cousin, Georgiana Poyntz (1799–1851) and they had three children:

Lady Georgina Frances Spencer (1832–1852), died unmarried.
John Poyntz Spencer, 5th Earl Spencer (1835–1910)
Lady Sarah Isabella Spencer (1838–1919), died unmarried.
On 9 August 1854, he married secondly, Adelaide Seymour (1825–1877), daughter of Sir Horace Seymour and a great-granddaughter of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford. They had two children:

Lady Victoria Alexandrina Spencer (1855–1906), married William Mansfield, 1st Viscount Sandhurst and had issue.
Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer (1857–1922)
Thanks to the efforts of Spencer's father, George John, Althorp had one of the finest collections of printed books in Europe. George John was also noteworthy for co-founding and serving as the first president of the Roxburghe Club, widely-regarded as the world's first book club.[citation needed]1

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Child of Frederick Spencer and Adelaide Horatia Seymour

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frederick_Spencer,_4th_Earl_Spencer.

Charles Robert Spencer

M, b. 30 October 1857, d. 26 September 1922
Charles Robert Spencer|b. 30 Oct 1857\nd. 26 Sep 1922|p1127.htm#i51436|Frederick Spencer|b. 14 Apr 1798\nd. 27 Dec 1857|p1127.htm#i51435|Adelaide Horatia Seymour|b. 1825\nd. 1877|p1127.htm#i51434|George J. Spencer|b. 1758\nd. 1834|p1127.htm#i51448||||Horace B. Seymour|b. 22 Nov 1791\nd. 23 Nov 1851|p1127.htm#i51432|Elizabeth M. Palk|b. 1793\nd. 1827|p1127.htm#i51433|
     Charles Robert Spencer married Margaret Baring. Charles Robert Spencer was born on 30 October 1857. He was the son of Frederick Spencer and Adelaide Horatia Seymour. Charles Robert Spencer died on 26 September 1922 at age 64.
     Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer, KG, GCVO, PC, VRD (30 October 1857 – 26 September 1922) was a British Liberal Party politician.

Spencer was born in 1857 in the parish of St. James's, Westminster[1], the son of the 4th Earl Spencer and his second wife Adelaide, daughter of Horace Beauchamp Seymour and granddaughter of Admiral Hugh Seymour. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.[2] On 23 July 1887, he married Margaret Baring (14 December 1868 – 4 July 1906), a daughter of the 1st Baron Revelstoke at St James's Church, Piccadilly. They had six children:

Lady Adelaide Margaret Delia Spencer (1889–1981), married Sir Sidney Peel, 1st Baronet and had issue.
Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (1892–1975), the grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.
Lt.-Cdr. Hon. Cecil Edward Robert Spencer RN DSC Croix de guerre (1894–1928), died unmarried in a riding accident.
Lady Lavinia Emily Spencer (1899–1955), married the 4th Baron Annaly and had issue.
Captain Hon. George Charles Spencer (1903–1982), married (1) Barbara Blumenthal and had issue, married (2) Kathleen Henderson; no issue.
Lady (Alexandra) Margaret Elizabeth Spencer (1906–1996), married Hon. Henry Douglas-Home (son of the 13th Earl of Home) and had issue. She was the author of "A Spencer Childhood", published in 1994.[3]
Spencer represented the constituency of North Northamptonshire from 1880 to 1885 and Mid Northamptonshire from 1885 to 1895 and again from 1900 to 1905. In 1898 he contested Hertford.[4] He was a Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria between February and June 1886, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household from 1892 to 1895 and a Privy Councillor from 1892.[5] Between 1900 and 1905 he was a Liberal whip.[6] On 19 December 1905, he was created 1st Viscount Althorp so as to allow him to become Lord Chamberlain (his older brother was still Earl Spencer at that time). From 1908 he was Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire.[5]

On 13 August 1910, he succeeded to his childless brother's titles, and died 12 years later at his home in St James Place, London. He had been ill for four months after contracting a 'chill' at a public event in his home county of Northamptonshire.[7]

He held a large number of foreign decorations: the Grand Cross of Order of the Dannebrog of Denmark, Royal Norwegian Order of St Olav, Order of the Polar Star of Sweden, Order of the Rising Sun of Japan, the White Eagle of Serbia, Order of the Red Eagle of Prussia, Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Carlos III and Order of Philippe le Bon of France. He was also an honorary major in[6] and later honorary colonel of the 4th Volunteer Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment.[5]1

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Child of Charles Robert Spencer and Margaret Baring

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Spencer,_6th_Earl_Spencer.

Margaret Baring

F, b. 14 December 1868, d. 4 July 1906
     Margaret Baring married Charles Robert Spencer, son of Frederick Spencer and Adelaide Horatia Seymour. Margaret Baring was born on 14 December 1868. She died on 4 July 1906 at age 37.
     Her married name was Spencer.

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Child of Margaret Baring and Charles Robert Spencer

Albert Edward John Spencer

M, b. 1892, d. 1975
Albert Edward John Spencer|b. 1892\nd. 1975|p1127.htm#i51438|Charles Robert Spencer|b. 30 Oct 1857\nd. 26 Sep 1922|p1127.htm#i51436|Margaret Baring|b. 14 Dec 1868\nd. 4 Jul 1906|p1127.htm#i51437|Frederick Spencer|b. 14 Apr 1798\nd. 27 Dec 1857|p1127.htm#i51435|Adelaide H. Seymour|b. 1825\nd. 1877|p1127.htm#i51434|||||||
     Albert Edward John Spencer was born in 1892. He was the son of Charles Robert Spencer and Margaret Baring. Albert Edward John Spencer married Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn in 1919. Albert Edward John Spencer died in 1975.
     Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer (23 May 1892 – 9 June 1975), known formally as The Hon Albert Spencer until 1910 and from then until 1922 as Viscount Althorp, and less formally as "Jack" Spencer, was a British peer. He was the paternal grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Lord Spencer was born in London, the son of Charles Robert Spencer, 6th Earl Spencer and his wife, the former Margaret Baring, second daughter of Edward Baring, 1st Baron Revelstoke.[1] His godparents included King Edward VII.[2]

After his education at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge[3], Spencer served in the First World War as a Captain in the First Life Guards[4], and was active in the local politics of Northamptonshire as a Conservative councillor. He opened his ancestral home, Althorp, to the public and was a well-known art connoisseur, being a trustee of the Wallace Collection and chairman of the Royal School of Needlework.[5] He was a Fellow of both the Society of Antiquaries of London and the Royal Society of Arts, and for eight years in the 1960s he was Chair of the Advisory Council of the Victoria and Albert Museum. Spencer was active in the Territorial Army for 43 years from 1924.[3] He was Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire from 1952 to 1967, and Chairman of the Governors at Wellingborough School from 1946 to 1972..

Lord Spencer married Lady Cynthia Hamilton, second daughter of the 3rd Duke of Abercorn in 1919 and they had two children.

Lord Spencer died at St Matthews Nursing Home, Northampton after a short illness[6], and was succeeded as Earl by his son, John, the father of Diana, Princess of Wales.1 Albert Edward John Spencer was also known as Jack.

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Child of Albert Edward John Spencer and Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Spencer,_7th_Earl_Spencer.

Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn

F, b. 1897, d. 1972
     Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn was born in 1897. She married Albert Edward John Spencer, son of Charles Robert Spencer and Margaret Baring, in 1919. Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn died in 1972.
     As of 1919,her married name was Spencer.

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Child of Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn and Albert Edward John Spencer

Edward John Spencer

M, b. 1924, d. 1992
Edward John Spencer|b. 1924\nd. 1992|p1127.htm#i51440|Albert Edward John Spencer|b. 1892\nd. 1975|p1127.htm#i51438|Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn|b. 1897\nd. 1972|p1127.htm#i51439|Charles R. Spencer|b. 30 Oct 1857\nd. 26 Sep 1922|p1127.htm#i51436|Margaret Baring|b. 14 Dec 1868\nd. 4 Jul 1906|p1127.htm#i51437|||||||
     Edward John Spencer married Frances Ruth Roche, daughter of Edmund Maurice Burke Roche and Ruth Sylvia Gill. Edward John Spencer was born in 1924. He was the son of Albert Edward John Spencer and Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn. Edward John Spencer died in 1992.
     Edward John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer, MVO (24 January 1924–29 March 1992) was the son of Albert Edward John Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer and Lady Cynthia Elinor Beatrix Hamilton, the daughter of James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn, and the father of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Lord Spencer was educated in Eton College, in the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, and in the Royal Agricultural College. A Captain in the Royal Scots Greys, Lord Spencer fought in the Second World War from 1944 to 1945. From 1947 to 1950, Lord Spencer served as Aide-de-Camp to then-Governor of South Australia, Willoughby Norrie. [1]

Lord Spencer held the offices of County Councillor for Northamptonshire (1952), High Sheriff of Northamptonshire (1959) and Justice of the Peace for Norfolk (1970).[1] He served as Equerry to King George VI (1950-52) and to Queen Elizabeth II (1952-54),[2] and was invested as a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (M.V.O.) in 1954.[1]

On 1 June 1954, Lord Althorp and the Hon. Frances Ruth Roche, the younger daughter of the 4th Baron Fermoy, were married in Westminster Abbey by Percy Herbert, Bishop of Norwich. They had five children:

1955: Elizabeth Sarah Lavinia Spencer (Lady Sarah McCorquodale)
1957: Cynthia Jane Spencer (Jane Fellowes, Baroness Fellowes)
1960-1960: John Spencer, who died within 10 hours of his birth
1961-1997: Diana Frances Spencer (Diana, Princess of Wales)
1964: Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
Lord and Lady Althorp were divorced in April 1969. Lord Spencer later won a bitter custody battle for his children. On 14 July 1976, Lord Spencer married Raine, Countess of Dartmouth, the former wife of the 9th Earl of Dartmouth, and the only daughter of the romantic novelist Barbara Cartland and Alexander McCorquodale.

Lord Spencer died on 29 March 1992 at The Wellington Hospital, London, and was succeeded as Earl by his son, Charles, the younger brother of Diana, Princess of Wales.1

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Child of Edward John Spencer and Frances Ruth Roche

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Spencer,_8th_Earl_Spencer.

Frances Ruth Roche

F, b. 20 January 1936, d. 3 June 2004
Frances Ruth Roche|b. 20 Jan 1936\nd. 3 Jun 2004|p1127.htm#i51441|Edmund Maurice Burke Roche|b. 15 May 1885\nd. 8 Jul 1955|p1127.htm#i51442|Ruth Sylvia Gill|b. 2 Oct 1908\nd. 6 Jul 1993|p1128.htm#i51519|James B. B. Roche|b. 28 Jul 1852\nd. 30 Oct 1920|p1128.htm#i51523|Frances E. Work|b. 27 Oct 1857\nd. 26 Jan 1947|p1128.htm#i51520|||||||
     Frances Ruth Roche married Edward John Spencer, son of Albert Edward John Spencer and Cynthia Ellinor Hamilton of Abercorn. Frances Ruth Roche was born on 20 January 1936. She was the daughter of Edmund Maurice Burke Roche and Ruth Sylvia Gill. Frances Ruth Roche died on 3 June 2004 at age 68.
     Frances Ruth Shand Kydd (née Roche, formerly Viscountess Althorp) (20 January 1936 – 3 June 2004) was the first wife of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer and the mother of Diana, Princess of Wales. After two failed marriages and the deaths of two children, she devoted her later years to Roman Catholic charity work.

Frances Ruth Roche was born in Park House, on the royal estate at Sandringham, Norfolk.[1] Her father was Edmund Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy, a friend of King George VI and the elder son of the American heiress Frances Work and her first husband, the 3rd Baron Fermoy. Her mother Ruth, Lady Fermoy DCVO was a confidante and lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother).1 Her married name was Spencer.

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Child of Frances Ruth Roche and Edward John Spencer

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Shand_Kydd

Edmund Maurice Burke Roche

M, b. 15 May 1885, d. 8 July 1955
Edmund Maurice Burke Roche|b. 15 May 1885\nd. 8 Jul 1955|p1127.htm#i51442|James Boothby Burke Roche|b. 28 Jul 1852\nd. 30 Oct 1920|p1128.htm#i51523|Frances Ellen Work|b. 27 Oct 1857\nd. 26 Jan 1947|p1128.htm#i51520|||||||||||||
     Edmund Maurice Burke Roche was born on 15 May 1885. He was the son of James Boothby Burke Roche and Frances Ellen Work. Edmund Maurice Burke Roche married Ruth Sylvia Gill on 17 September 1931. Edmund Maurice Burke Roche died on 8 July 1955 at age 70.
     Edmund Maurice Burke Roche, 4th Baron Fermoy (15 May 1885 – 8 July 1955) was a British peer, Conservative Party politician and the maternal grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.

Roche was born in Chelsea, London[1], the elder of twin sons of the Hon. James Roche (later Baron Fermoy) and his wife, Frances Work. He was educated at Harvard University, but returned to England on succeeding to his father's title in 1920. He rented Park House, Sandringham, Norfolk from the Royal Family and at the 1924 general election, he contested and won the local parliamentary constituency, King's Lynn, holding the seat until he stood down at the 1935 general election[2][3] (having also been elected the town's mayor in 1931[4]).

On 17 September 1931, Lord Fermoy married Ruth Sylvia Gill (the youngest daughter of Col. William Gill) at St. Devenick’s, Bieldside, Aberdeenshire[1] and they had three children:

Hon. Mary Cynthia (b. 1934), married (1) Hon. Sir Anthony Berry (divorced 1966), (2) Denis Geoghegan (divorced 1980), (3) Michael Gunningham (divorced 1989)
Hon. Frances Ruth (b. 1936), married (1) Edward Spencer, Viscount Althorp (divorced 1969), (2) Peter Shand Kydd
Hon. Edmund James Burke (b. 1939), later the 5th Baron Fermoy.
Lord Fermoy joined the Royal Air Force in 1939 at the start of World War II but when the incumbent Member of Parliament (MP) for King’s Lynn was killed on active service in 1943, he resigned his commission and stood for re-election. He retired from politics when Parliament was dissolved for the 1945 general election.[2]

Lord Fermoy collapsed in a shop at King’s Lynn, Norfolk in June 1955 and died three weeks later.[2] He was succeeded by his only son.1

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Child of Edmund Maurice Burke Roche and Ruth Sylvia Gill

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Roche,_4th_Baron_Fermoy.

Diana Frances Spencer

F, b. 1 July 1961, d. 31 August 1997
Diana Frances Spencer|b. 1 Jul 1961\nd. 31 Aug 1997|p1127.htm#i51443|Edward John Spencer|b. 1924\nd. 1992|p1127.htm#i51440|Frances Ruth Roche|b. 20 Jan 1936\nd. 3 Jun 2004|p1127.htm#i51441|Albert E. J. Spencer|b. 1892\nd. 1975|p1127.htm#i51438|Cynthia E. Hamilton of Abercorn|b. 1897\nd. 1972|p1127.htm#i51439|Edmund M. B. Roche|b. 15 May 1885\nd. 8 Jul 1955|p1127.htm#i51442|Ruth S. Gill|b. 2 Oct 1908\nd. 6 Jul 1993|p1128.htm#i51519|
Diana, Princess of Wales
     Diana Frances Spencer was born on 1 July 1961. She was the daughter of Edward John Spencer and Frances Ruth Roche. Diana Frances Spencer died on 31 August 1997 at age 36.
     Diana, Princess of Wales, (Diana Frances;[1] née Spencer; 1 July 1961 – 31 August 1997) was the first wife of Charles, Prince of Wales. Her sons, Princes William and Harry[2], are second and third in line to the throne of the United Kingdom and fifteen other Commonwealth Realms.

A public figure from the announcement of her engagement to Prince Charles, Diana remained the focus of near-constant media scrutiny in the United Kingdom and around the world before, during and after her marriage, even in the years following her sudden death in a car crash, which was followed by a spontaneous and prolonged show of public mourning. Contemporary responses to Diana's life and legacy were mixed but a popular fascination with the Princess endures. The long-awaited Coroner's Inquest reported its conclusion on 7 April 2008 that Diana and her companion Dodi Fayed were unlawfully killed by the negligent driving of the following vehicles and also the driver Henri Paul of the vehicle in which she was travelling.[3]

Diana was the youngest daughter of John Spencer, Viscount Althorp (later the 8th Earl Spencer) and Frances Spencer, Viscountess Althorp (formerly the Honourable Frances Burke Roche, and later Frances Shand Kydd). She was born at Park House, Sandringham in Norfolk, England on 1 July 1961, and was baptised on 30 August 1961 at St. Mary Magdalene Church by the Rt. Rev. Percy Herbert (rector of the church and former Bishop of Norwich and Blackburn), with godparents that included John Floyd (the chairman of Christie's). She was the fourth child to the couple, with older sisters Sarah (born 19 March 1955) and Jane (born 11 February 1957), as well as an infant brother, The Honourable John Spencer (born and died on 12 January 1960). The heir to the Spencer titles and estates, her younger brother, Charles, was born three years after her on 20 May 1964.

Following her parents' acrimonious divorce in 1969 (over Lady Althorp's affair with wallpaper heir Peter Shand Kydd), Diana's mother took her and her younger brother to live in an apartment in London's Knightsbridge, where Diana attended a local day school. At Christmas the children returned to Norfolk with their mother, and Lord Althorp subsequently refused to allow them to return to London. Lady Althorp sued for custody, but her mother's testimony during the trial against her contributed to the court awarding custody of Diana and her brother to their father. On 14 July 1976, Lord Spencer married Raine, Countess of Dartmouth, the only daughter of romantic novelist Barbara Cartland and Alexander McCorquodale, after he was named as the "other party" in the Dartmouths' divorce. During this time Diana travelled between her parents' homes. Her father inherited the earldom and Spencer seat in Althorp, Northamptonshire on 9 June 1975, and her mother moved to the Island of Seil on the west coast of Scotland. Diana, like her siblings, did not get along with her stepmother.

On her father's side, she was a descendant of King Charles II of England through four illegitimate sons:

Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Grafton, son by Barbara Villiers, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox, son by Louise de Kérouaille
Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, son by Nell Gwyn
James Crofts-Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, leader of a famous rebellion, son by Lucy Walter
She was also a descendant of King James II of England through an illegitimate daughter, Henrietta FitzJames, by his mistress Arabella Churchill. On her mother's side, Diana was Irish and Scottish, as well as a descendant of American heiress Frances Work, her mother's grandmother and namesake, from whom the considerable Roche fortune was derived.[citation needed]

The Spencers had been close to the British Royal Family for centuries, rising in royal favour during the 1600s. Diana's maternal grandmother, Ruth, Lady Fermoy, was a long-time friend and a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Her father had served as an equerry to King George VI and to Queen Elizabeth II.

In August 2009, the New England Historic Genealogical Society published Richard K. Evans's The Ancestry of Diana, Princess of Wales, for Twelve Generations.

From her marriage in 1981 to her divorce in 1996 she was styled Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales. She was generally called Princess Diana by the media despite having no right to that particular honorific, as it is reserved for a princess by birthright rather than marriage. Though she was noted for her pioneering charity work, the Princess's philanthropic endeavours were overshadowed by a scandal-plagued marriage. Her bitter accusations of adultery, mental cruelty and emotional distress visited upon her by her husband entertained many people, spawning biographies, magazine articles and television movies.

From the time of her engagement to the Prince of Wales in 1981 until her death in a car accident in 1997, Diana was arguably the most famous woman in the world, the pre-eminent female celebrity of her generation: a fashion icon, an ideal of feminine beauty, admired and emulated for her high-profile involvement in AIDS issues and the international campaign against landmines. During her lifetime, she was often referred to as the most photographed person in the world. To her admirers, Diana, Princess of Wales was a role model - after her death, there were even calls for her to be nominated for sainthood - while her detractors saw her life as a cautionary tale of how an obsession with publicity can ultimately destroy an individual.1 As of 1981,her married name was Windsor.

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Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diana,_Princess_of_Wales.

George John Spencer

M, b. 1758, d. 1834
George John Spencer|b. 1758\nd. 1834|p1127.htm#i51448|John Spencer|b. 1734\nd. 1783|p1127.htm#i51450|Margaret Georgiana Poyntz|b. 1737\nd. 1814|p1127.htm#i51451|||||||||||||
     George John Spencer was born in 1758. He was the son of John Spencer and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz. George John Spencer died in 1834.
     George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer KG PC FRS FSA (1 September 1758–10 November 1834), known as Viscount Althorp from 1765 to 1783, was a British Whig politician. He notably served as Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents. Lord Spencer was an ancestor of Diana, Princess of Wales and her son, HRH William.

Lord Spencer was born at Wimbledon Park, London, the son of John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer and his wife Margaret Georgiana, daughter of Stephen Poyntz, and was baptised there on the 16 October 1758. His godparents were King George II, the Earl Cowper (his grandmother's second husband) and his great-aunt the Dowager Viscountess Bateman. His sister Lady Georgiana married the Duke of Devonshire and became a famed Whig hostess. He was educated at Harrow School from 1770 to 1775 and he won the school's Silver Arrow (an archery prize) in 1771. He then attended Trinity College, Cambridge from 1776 to 1778 and graduated with a Master of Arts.[1] He acceded to the earldom upon the death of his father in 1783.

Lord Spencer was Whig Member of Parliament for Northampton from 1780 to 1782 and Whig MP for Surrey from 1782 to 1783. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1794 and served under William Pitt the Younger as Lord Privy Seal in 1794 and as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1794 to 1801. He was later Home Secretary from 1806 to 1807 under Lord Grenville in the Ministry of All the Talents.

Lord Spencer was also High Steward of St Albans from 1783 to 1807, Mayor of St Albans in 1790, President of the Royal Institution from 1813 to 1825 and Commissioner of the Public Records in 1831. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1790 and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1799.

Lord Spencer married Lady Lavinia Bingham (1762–1831), daughter of Charles Bingham, 1st Earl of Lucan, on 6 March 1781. They had nine children.1

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Child of George John Spencer

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Spencer,_2nd_Earl_Spencer.

John Spencer

M, b. 1734, d. 1783
     John Spencer was born in 1734. He married Margaret Georgiana Poyntz on 20 December 1755. John Spencer died in 1783.
     John Spencer, 1st Earl Spencer (19 December 1734 – 31 October 1783) was a British peer and politician.

Spencer was born in 1734, at his family home, Althorp. He was the son of Hon. John Spencer and Georgiana Carolina Carteret (1716-1780), and a grandson of the 3rd Earl of Sunderland. On 20 December 1755, Spencer privately married Margaret Poyntz (1737-1814), daughter of Stephen Poyntz, in his mother's dressing room at Althorp. They had five children:

Lady Georgiana Spencer (1757–1806), married William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire and had issue.
George John Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer (1758–1834)
Lady Henrietta Frances Spencer (1761–1821), married Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough and had issue.
Lady Charlotte Spencer (1765–1766), died in infancy.
Lady Louisa Spencer (b. & d. 1769), died in infancy.
Spencer was MP (Whig) for Warwick from 1756 to 1761. He was also High Steward of St Albans in 1772 and Mayor of St Albans in 1779. On 3 April 1761, he was created Baron Spencer of Althorp and Viscount Spencer by George III, and on 1 November 1765, he was created Viscount Althorp and Earl Spencer. Spencer died in 1783, aged 48 in Bath, and was buried in the family vault at St Mary's Church, Great Brington, Northamptonshire.1

Worldcon=N

Child of John Spencer and Margaret Georgiana Poyntz

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Spencer,_1st_Earl_Spencer.

Margaret Georgiana Poyntz

F, b. 1737, d. 1814
Margaret Georgiana Poyntz|b. 1737\nd. 1814|p1127.htm#i51451|||||||||||||||||||
     Margaret Georgiana Poyntz was born in 1737. She married John Spencer on 20 December 1755. Margaret Georgiana Poyntz died in 1814.
     As of 20 December 1755,her married name was Spencer.

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Child of Margaret Georgiana Poyntz and John Spencer

James II of England

M, b. 14 October 1633, d. 16 September 1701
James II of England|b. 14 Oct 1633\nd. 16 Sep 1701|p1127.htm#i51458|Charles I Stewart|b. 19 Nov 1600\nd. 30 Jan 1649|p1126.htm#i51420|Henrietta Maria of France|b. 25 Nov 1609\nd. 10 Sep 1669|p1127.htm#i51459|James I. of England|b. 1566\nd. 1625|p1079.htm#i49362|Anne of Denmark|b. 1574\nd. 1619|p1079.htm#i49363|||||||
     James II of England was born on 14 October 1633. He was the son of Charles I Stewart and Henrietta Maria of France. James II of England died on 16 September 1701 at age 67.
     James II & VII (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701)[2] was King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII,[1] from 6 February 1685. He was the last Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Increasingly Britain's political and religious leaders opposed him as too pro-French, too pro-Catholic, and too much of an absolute monarch. When he produced a Catholic heir, the tension exploded and the leaders called on William III of Orange (his son-in-law and nephew) to land an invasion army from the Netherlands. James fled England (and thus abdicated) in the Glorious Revolution of 1688.[3] He was replaced by William of Orange who became king as William III, ruling jointly with his wife (James's daughter) Mary II. Thus William and Mary, both Protestants, became joint rulers in 1689. James made one serious attempt to recover his crowns, when he landed in Ireland in 1689 but, after the defeat of the Jacobite forces by the Williamite forces at the Battle of the Boyne in the summer of 1690, James returned to France. He lived out the rest of his life as a pretender at a court sponsored by his cousin and ally, King Louis XIV.

James is best known for his belief in absolute monarchy and his attempts to create religious liberty for his subjects. Both of these went against the wishes of the English Parliament and of most of his subjects. Parliament, opposed to the growth of absolutism that was occurring in other European countries, as well as to the loss of legal supremacy for the Church of England, saw their opposition as a way to preserve what they regarded as traditional English liberties. This tension made James's four-year reign a struggle for supremacy between the English Parliament and the Crown, resulting in his deposition, the passage of the English Bill of Rights, and the Hanoverian succession.1

Worldcon=N

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_II_of_England

Henrietta Maria of France

F, b. 25 November 1609, d. 10 September 1669
     Henrietta Maria of France was born on 25 November 1609. She married Charles I Stewart, son of James I of England and Anne of Denmark, in 1625. Henrietta Maria of France died on 10 September 1669 at age 59.
     Henrietta Maria of France (French: Henriette Marie de France); (25 November[1] 1609 – 10 September 1669) was the Queen consort of England, Scotland and Ireland as the wife of King Charles I.

She was the mother of two kings, Charles II and James II, and was grandmother to Mary II, William III, and Anne of Great Britain.

Like her elder sister Elisabeth, Henrietta Maria was known to be quite attractive in her youth. Henrietta Maria was the daughter of King Henry IV of France (Henry III of Navarre) and his second wife, Marie de' Medici. She was born at the Palais du Louvre on 25 November 1609, but some historians give her a birthdate of 26 November. In England, where the Julian calendar was still in use, her date of birth is often recorded as 16 November. Henrietta Maria was brought up as a Roman Catholic. As the daughter of the Bourbon king of France, she was a Fille de France and a member of the House of Bourbon. She was the youngest sister of the future King Louis XIII of France. Her father was assassinated on 14 May 1610, in Paris, before she was a year old; her mother was banished from the royal court in 1617.

After her older sister Christine Marie married Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, in 1619, Henriette Marie took on the highly prestigious style of Madame Royale; this style was used by the most senior royal princess at the French court.1 As of 1625,her married name was Stewart.

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Children of Henrietta Maria of France and Charles I Stewart

Citations

  1. [S369] Unknown subject website, by unknown photographer, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henrietta_Maria_of_France

Eleanor Strongbow

F, b. 1318, d. 1355
Eleanor Strongbow|b. 1318\nd. 1355|p1127.htm#i51462|King Edward II of England|b. 25 Apr 1284\nd. 21 Sep 1327|p1111.htm#i50744|Isabella de France|b. 1292\nd. 1358|p1084.htm#i49580|King Edward I. of England|b. 17 Jun 1239\nd. 7 Jul 1307|p1072.htm#i49079|Eleanor of Castile|d. 28 Nov 1290|p1074.htm#i49150|Philip I. T. F. de France|b. 1268\nd. 1314|p1084.htm#i49581|Joan I. of Navarre|b. 17 Apr 1271\nd. 4 Apr 1305|p1111.htm#i50745|
     Eleanor Strongbow was born in 1318. She was the daughter of King Edward II of England and Isabella de France. Eleanor Strongbow died in 1355.
     Her married name was Stradling.

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Child of Eleanor Strongbow

Edward Stradling

M, b. 1345, d. 1367
Edward Stradling|b. 1345\nd. 1367|p1127.htm#i51464||||Eleanor Strongbow|b. 1318\nd. 1355|p1127.htm#i51462|||||||King Edward I. of England|b. 25 Apr 1284\nd. 21 Sep 1327|p1111.htm#i50744|Isabella de France|b. 1292\nd. 1358|p1084.htm#i49580|
     Edward Stradling was born in 1345. He was the son of Eleanor Strongbow. Edward Stradling died in 1367.

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Child of Edward Stradling

William Stradling

M, b. 1375, d. 1412
William Stradling|b. 1375\nd. 1412|p1127.htm#i51465|Edward Stradling|b. 1345\nd. 1367|p1127.htm#i51464|||||||Eleanor Strongbow|b. 1318\nd. 1355|p1127.htm#i51462|||||||
     William Stradling was born in 1375. He was the son of Edward Stradling. William Stradling died in 1412.

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Agnes Capet

F, b. 1260, d. 1327
Agnes Capet|b. 1260\nd. 1327|p1127.htm#i51466|Louis IX de France|b. 25 Apr 1214\nd. 25 Aug 1270|p1111.htm#i50747|Marguerite de Provence|b. 1221\nd. 1295|p1085.htm#i49583|||||||||||||
     Agnes Capet was born in 1260. She was the daughter of Louis IX de France and Marguerite de Provence. Agnes Capet died in 1327.
     Her married name was De Bourgogne.

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Child of Agnes Capet

Jeanne De Bourgogne

F, b. 1293, d. 1338
Jeanne De Bourgogne|b. 1293\nd. 1338|p1127.htm#i51468||||Agnes Capet|b. 1260\nd. 1327|p1127.htm#i51466|||||||Louis I. de France|b. 25 Apr 1214\nd. 25 Aug 1270|p1111.htm#i50747|Marguerite de Provence|b. 1221\nd. 1295|p1085.htm#i49583|
     Jeanne De Bourgogne was born in 1293. She was the daughter of Agnes Capet. Jeanne De Bourgogne died in 1338.
     Her married name was Zahringen.

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